Poverty and Vulnerability Estimates: Pakistan 2016

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The main objective of this research is to provide poverty and vulnerability statistics estimated from the latest available Household Integrated Economic Survey (HIES) data. Poverty estimates show that close to 38 percent population of Pakistan was living below the poverty line during the year 2015-16. The incidence, depth and severity of rural poverty are relatively higher as compared to urban areas. Inter-temporal changes in poverty incidence for various years during the period 1988-2016 are also furnished by using the consistent methodology for defining and computing national and regional poverty lines and poverty incidences. The research reveals that the national poverty incidence in terms of percentage of population is similar to that estimated for the year 2010-11. However, in terms of absolute number of poor, 74 million persons were estimated poor during the year 2015-16, while the estimated poor population was 61 million in the year 2010-11. This research note also furnishes estimates of household vulnerability to poverty in Pakistan. The estimates show that close to 51 percent population was vulnerable to poverty during 2015-16. The vulnerability of rural households is significantly high as compared to the vulnerability incidence in urban areas.